Although not part of any legislation proposed by Trump himself, the American Health Care Act introduced in the House in March 2017 provided for the transition to a “per capita allotment” for states to manage Medicaid funds. The Congressional Budget Office released an analysis of the Republican plan that estimated that it would cut $880 billion in federal funds from Medicaid over the next 10 years, causing 14 million fewer people would have Medicaid coverage in 2026. Trump supported this Act, but the act was pulled in Congress on March 24th 2017 during a contentious week of negotiations that failed to gain enough support to pass.
The House passed a revised version of the AHCA in May 2017 which retained the cuts to Medicaid. Trump expressed his full support of the bill after it's passage. The Senate version of the bill, released after a contentious period of secrecy in June 2017, also included major cuts to Medicaid. Neither bill succeeded in passing.
Later that year, the House passed a tax bill that the Congressional Budget Office warned could set off an arcane budget rule that would make deep cuts to Medicare over the next decade. The increased deficits expected as a result of the House and possibly Senate bills would also likely trigger reductions in other programs such as Social Security. Like before, Trump has expressed his wholehearted support of the proposals.
Dissolve the Donald J. Trump Foundation
A year after his election and almost a year after he made his promise to dissolve the foundation nothing has apparently been done.
Represent All Americans
Initially, the best measure of how inclusive Trump's leadership would be could be found in his list of cabinet picks. Thus far, his list has a dearth of minorities and only a handful of women. Three of these women represent immigrant groups: Nikki Haley, a daughter of Sikh immigrants, was picked for U.N. Ambassador; Elaine Chao, born in Taiwan, was picked as Transportation secretary; and Seema Verma, a daughter of Indian immigrants, picked as Administrator of the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services.
Unfortunately, his choice of Stephen Bannon and Jeff Sessions, both known to foment racist sentiments, are considered by many to run counter to his promise. Trump did disavow the support of white supremacists just days after a high-profile meeting in November 2016 of the "National Policy Institute" - an avowed white supremacist group - in Washington D.C. featured Nazi salutes and cheers of "hail Trump!" Similarly, earlier in the year Trump was eventually compelled to distance himself from David Duke, a member of the KKK and avid Trump supporter.
The issue of white supremacy came to a head in August 2017 when a group of white supremacists descended upon Charlottesville, VA and were met by anti-fascist demonstrators. The White House response to the chaos and violence that ensued was widely seen as anemic if not implicitly supportive of the white supremacists. Subsequent tone-deaf responses to the ongoing NFL national anthem protests during September 2017 did little to assuage the idea that the administration does not support racism.
In a glaring and unusual statement on Holocaust Remembrance Day in late January 2017, no mention was made about Jews or anti-Semitism in Trump's statement. The omission is troubling in that no previous statement from the White House has purposefully omitted such mention, and that the White House defended the omission, leading many to wonder if the omission was a deliberate snub.
Looking at class differences, Trump has assembled the richest cabinet in modern American history. For reference, George W. Bush's first cabinet had a combined, inflation-adjusted net worth of about $250 million — which is roughly one-tenth the wealth of Donald Trump’s nominee for commerce secretary alone. In fact, by mid-December 2016 the wealth possessed by the 17 cabinet picks, at least $9.5 billion, is greater than the 43 million least wealthy households in America. It's questionable that a cabinet of millionaires and billionaires will understand the vast majority of Americans in the problems they face.
On January 20th, 2017, immediately after Trump took office, the official White House web site dropped content on LGBTQ rights and also removed the Spanish language version of the site. It is not clear whether these editorial actions were deliberate signals against these communities or a side-effect of the process of transitioning the site to new ownership. For example, despite removing content related to LGBTQ rights, Trump announced that his administration would continue a 2014 Obama executive order which protects LGBTQ employees of Federal contractors.
Any doubt as to the stance of the administration towards LGBTQ people was erased in October 2017 when Trump addressed the "Values Voters Summit," an event hosted by the Family Research Council, an organization with well known, extreme anti-LGBTQ positions. But even before this address, Trump took measures to prevent transgendered people from serving in the military and the Department of Justice under Jeff Sessions took several steps to eliminate protections for trans-people.
Create $1 Trillion in Infrastructure Investment
Many analysts believe that if high user fees or tolls are needed to help private investors recoup their investments, then a lot of infrastructure in America may simply never get funded. Many of these projects may be worthwhile, but they typically require public funding, and Trump's plan to provide private investment incentives does not also include a direct funding mechanism.
The White House reportedly began outlining an infrastructure plan in March 2017. Meanwhile, priorities in Congress including tax reform and healthcare have pushed an infrastructure bill onto the back burner with additional questions as to the mechanisms that the administration wants in place.
Lower Business Tax Rates and Eliminate Corporate AMT
In late April, 2017, Trump announced a draft tax plan that would cut the corporate tax rate as promised, but does not specifically address corporate AMT.
In October 2017, the House passed a budget resolution (H. Res. 553 , H. Con. Res. 71) that specified "reducing the corporate tax rate," but not mentioning corporate AMT. No specific measures or numbers were given, and the resolution has yet to be reconciled with the Senate tax plan.
Simplify Tax Forms
Repeal ACA Tax on Investment Income and AMT
Although not part of any legislation advanced by Trump, the House GOP introduced and passed a repeal bill in May 2017 that would effectively strip away ACA-related taxes.
In October 2017, the House passed a budget resolution (H. Res. 553 , H. Con. Res. 71) that specified "repealing the Alternative Minimum Tax." The resolution remains to be reconciled with the Senate budget proposal.
Restructure Tax Brackets
In late April, 2017, Trump announced a draft tax plan that cut seven tax brackets to three, but the plan did not specify any specific numbers for the breaks or any other details on its implementation.
In October 2017, the House passed a budget resolution (H. Res. 553 , H. Con. Res. 71) that specified "substantially lowering tax rates for individuals and consolidating the current seven individual income tax brackets into fewer brackets." The exact brackets were not defined and the resolution remains to be reconciled with the Senate budget proposal.
Build The Wall
Under the Secure Fence Act of 2006, the United States has already spent $2.4 billion for fencing across nearly one-third of the border (670 miles). It’s unclear if Trump would replace the fence with the wall or supplement the fence with the wall. Trump told Lesley Stahl on "60 Minutes” that he would accept fencing along some of the border, as Republicans in Congress have proposed.
Trump reiterated his signature promise during his "Thank You" tour in December 2016: "Somebody said the other day, well now that trump won, he is really not going to build the wall. I said what are you? We’re going to build the wall, okay? Believe me. We’re going to build the wall. We have to."
In January 2017, Trump signaled to Congress that his preference is to fund the border wall through the appropriations process as soon as April, essentially having the U.S. pay for the wall and expecting Mexico to reimburse; something Mexican leaders have refused to do.
On January 25th, 2017, Trump signed an executive order authorizing construction of a border wall.
(a) In accordance with existing law, including the Secure Fence Act and IIRIRA, take all appropriate steps to immediately plan, design, and construct a physical wall along the southern border, using appropriate materials and technology to most effectively achieve complete operational control of the southern border;
(b) Identify and, to the extent permitted by law, allocate all sources of Federal funds for the planning, designing, and constructing of a physical wall along the southern border;
(c) Project and develop long-term funding requirements for the wall, including preparing Congressional budget requests for the current and upcoming fiscal years
The action would have to be funded by Congress, but Trump says that this will allow the beginning phases of design. The text of the order specifically works within the frameworks of existing laws and directs applicable agencies to allocate all "legally available" resources.
In response to Trump's executive order, Mexican president Enrique Peña Nieto reiterated his country's refusal to pay for the wall in any way.
In February 2017, DHS secretary John Kelly ordered the Customs and Border Patrol to begin the process of designing and building the wall, subject to Congressional budget planning.
The Under Secretary for Management, in consultation with the Commissioner of CBP shall immediately identify and allocate all sources of available funding for the planning, design, construction and maintenance of a wall, including the attendant lighting, technology (including sensors), as well as patrol and access roads, and develop requirements for total ownership cost of this project, including preparing Congressional budget requests for the current fiscal year... and subsequent fiscal years.
In late September 2017, Federal contractors on Tuesday began building prototypes of the wall in San Diego. Meanwhile, plans for the wall in California face several lawsuits due to the Administration's acceleration of the construction process.
"Drain the Swamp" of Corruption
Lobbying & "Pay-for-play"
Trump's promise to eschew lobbyists got off to a rocky start as his initial transition team, assembled by Governor Chris Christie, was packed with lobbyists and similar special interest advocates. Later, Vice-President-Elect Pence took control of the process, removing some team members with conflicting obligations and compelling others to terminate their ties to interest organizations. Trump said he'd had no choice but to initially rely on lobbyists in Washington because "the whole place is one big lobbyist." He vowed to "phase that out."
Meanwhile, Trump selected billionaire Betsy DeVos to be Secretary of Education. Mrs. DeVos's qualifications seem to be solely in participating in advocacy groups promoting school choice and the voucher system. Otherwise, DeVos is on record as being a major soft-money contributor to the Republican party, and has donated to the campaigns of legislators in Michigan in an apparent bid to influence policy. Though not officially a lobbyist in the traditional sense, her behavior is consistent with one.
Other cabinet picks so far include Wilbur Ross - an investor whose fortune is estimated by Forbes to be $2.9 billion - Steven Mnuchin - a notable Goldman Sachs executive - and a host of other millionaires and billionaires who, as a group, have much more experience funding political candidates and acting like lobbyists than they do running government agencies. For reference, George W. Bush's first cabinet had a combined, inflation-adjusted net worth of about $250 million — which is roughly one-tenth the wealth of Donald Trump’s nominee for commerce secretary alone.
In fact, six of his cabinet picks so far were big donors to Trump's campaign: Linda McMahon ($7.5 million), Betsy DeVos ($1.8 million via DeVos family), Todd Ricketts ($1.3 million via his parents), Steven Mnuchin ($425,000), Andrew Pudzer ($332,000), and Wilbur Ross ($200,000).
Furthermore, after a long campaign of vilifying opponents including Hillary Clinton and Ted Cruz for their connections to Goldman-Sachs, Trump has named three five people to senior advisory or cabinet positions who worked directly for the infamous investment bank: Steven Mnuchin, Steve Bannon,Gary Cohn, Dina Powell, Anthony Scaramucci, and one more - Walter "Jay" Clayton - who represented Goldman-Sachs and other big banks involved in the 2008 financial crisis.
Mnuchin in particular represents the typical Wall Street establishment. He was tapped into Yale’s Skull and Bones secret society, became a Goldman Sachs partner like his father before him, ran a hedge fund, worked with George Soros, funded Hollywood blockbusters and bought a failed bank, IndyMac, with billionaires including John Paulson. They renamed it OneWest, drew protests for foreclosing on U.S. borrowers, and ultimately generated considerable profits, selling the business last year to CIT Group Inc. for $3.4 billion.
Reince Priebus - a long-time Republican party functionary - who has been tapped for Chief of Staff brings into the cabinet the sort of political establishment that Trump openly derides. Additionally, Trump's pick for Transportation secretary, Elaine Chao - wife of Senate Majority Leader, Mitch McConnell - has been a fixture of the Republican establishment in Washington for almost two decades.
In fact, despite promises to the contrary, the administration has been host to the typical "revolving door" of lobbyists. Marcus Peacock worked briefly in the Office of Management and Budget, but has left for the Business Roundtable, a major lobby. Peacock would have been banned from lobbying for five years, but he was granted a waiver from Trump’s rules. Scott Gottlieb, Trump’s nominee to lead the Food and Drug Administration, has received millions of dollars from drug companies covered by the FDA over the years. Gottlieb plans to recuse himself from decisions involving multiple drugmakers, including giants Bristol-Myers Squibb and GlaxoSmithKline. Chad Wolf is the chief of staff for the Transportation Safety Administration, but until he took that job was a lobbyist for a company seeking to have its baggage-scanning device approved by TSA, a deal that could be worth $500 million. Michael Catanzaro is Trump’s top energy adviser, in which capacity he is working to roll back Obama-era emissions rules that he previously lobbied against on behalf of energy companies. Geoff Burr has been hired as a special assistant at the Labor Department. He was previously a lobbyist for a construction-industry trade group, lobbying the department where he now works for things like looser safety regulations and wage rules.
Additionally, it was revealed in April 2017 that a firm co-founded by Donald Trump’s original campaign manager Corey Lewandowski appears to have been pitching clients around the world by offering direct access to Trump and other members of the administration while claiming not to be conducting lobbying operations. As of this time no clients have been signed by the firm so no actual meetings have been scheduled.
At the end of May 2017, it was revealed that the Trump administration granted ethics policy waivers to about a dozen high-level administration officials including Reince Priebus, Kellyanne Conway, Michael Catanzaro, Daniel Epstein, Shahira Knight, Andrew Olmem, and others with extensive industry ties. The number of waivers granted runs contrary to the spirit of Trump's January 2017 executive order barring lobbyists who joined the administration from working on issues related to their prior work.
Collusion With Russia
Flynn resigned in scandal after less than a month in his position due to revelations that he had direct consultations with Russian government officials regarding sanctions while working on Trump's transition team.
Trump's pick for Secretary of State, Exxon CEO Rex Tillerson, is known to have business interests with Russia which could affect the performance of his duties. In April 2017, these interests were made concrete when Exxon applied to the Department of the Treasury for a waiver to resume a business venture with Russia that was preempted by the Obama administrations sanctions against Russia. Additionally, Exxon is currently entangled in tax lawsuits with the federal government; another area where Tillerson's interests could become problematic.
Both Tillerson and Flynn's ties and dealings with Russia provide part of the backdrop for ongoing speculation about Trump's ties to Russia and Vladimir Putin. As of February 2017, FBI agents based in Washington are pursuing leads from informants, foreign communications intercepts, and financial transactions by Russian individuals and companies who are believed to have links to Trump associates. The controversy over Trump campaign officials contacts with Russian officials continued into March 2017 when it was revealed that Attorney General Jeff Sessions and Trump's son-in-law and adviser Jared Kushner, in addition to Mike Flynn, had met with Russian officials during the course of the Trump campaign. Paul Manafort, Trump's former campaign manager, is also facing multiple investigations for his political and financial ties to Russia and possible money laundering through real estate deals. These revelations fueled increasing calls for investigations by Congress and prompted Sessions to recuse himself from any investigations. A revelation in April 2017 deepened the web of Russian connections when it was revealed that Erik Prince, brother of Betsy DeVos, established a back channel line of communication between Moscow and President-elect Trump.
In May 2017, the same week that Trump fired FBI director James Comey, Trump met with Russian diplomats at the White House in a semi-closed session - semi-closed in that Russian media were allowed access to the meeting while all others were kept out. It was later determined that Trump potentially divulged classified information about the "Islamic State" that was gained from an allied country, potentially exposing ongoing operations.
Also in May 2017, the Justice Department appointed Robert S. Mueller III, a former F.B.I. director, as special counsel to oversee the investigation into ties between President Trump’s campaign and Russian officials. The investigation is ongoing at this time.
Ethics & Conflicts of Interest
Congressman Tom Price, Trump's pick for Health and Human Services secretary, has been scrutinized for apparent use of his position in various health industry related committees for financial gain in the stock market, although Price has announced plans to divest from his various business and investment activities to reduce conflict of interest; as of mid-February 2017 this has not yet happened.
In January 2017, Trump offered Florida Attorney General Pam Bondi a position in his administration. Bondi was the recipient of an illegal campaign contribution made by the Trump Foundation at a time when Bondi's department was deliberating on whether to press fraud charges against Trump University. Trump and Bondi both claimed there was no connection.
Notably, the Office of Government Ethics - an independent agency within the executive branch of the U.S. Federal Government which is responsible for directing executive branch policies relating to the prevention of conflicts of interest on the part of Federal executive branch officers and employees - has had unusual difficulty communicating with the Trump transition team. A lack of vetting of Trump's cabinet appointments by the OGE prior to Senate confirmation hearings would be the first since the agency was formed in 1978. At the behest of Senator Elizabeth Warren and Representative Elijah Cummings the U.S. Government Accountability Office is reviewing Donald Trump’s presidential transition, focusing on funding, ethics and communications with foreign governments and is expected to report by June 2017.
Moreover, Trump himself has many potential conflicts of interest (see also Sunlight Foundation and these charts), not the least of which is that his continued participation in his global businesses may run afoul of Article 1, Section 9 of the Constitution. Incomplete measures were taken initially to create a "blind trust" and assign it to his family (ref2). He has direct investment interests in the DAPL project over which he will have direct authority to make decisions. Additionally, Trump has a history of questionable business practices, has apparently used his campaign to funnel money to his businesses, and now stands to make money off of his Secret Service protection's use of his private transportation and offices. Finally, his new hotel in Washington D.C. has an explicit clause as part of the lease from the General Services Administration that stipulates that the lease can’t benefit a government official which implies that Trump is in violation of government ethics rules from the moment he swore in.
In January 2017 during his first press conference since the election, Trump's team described in more detail the structure of the trusts and arrangements that appear to limit Trumps direct involvement in his businesses. It can be argued, however, that his plan is completely devoid of any public oversight and amounts to a statement of "trust us." As of mid-February, 2017, Trump has not completed any legal transactions to remove himself from his business interests. In fact, Trump's sons continue to work to expand the Trump brand overseas, including business trips that incurred thousands of dollars worth of hotel and other accommodations for the required Secret Service detail. Furthermore, it was revealed in April 2017 that the trust arrangements effectively allow Trump to participate in his business and transfer funds at will, an apparent change from the initial trust certification documents. And, in September 2017, the non-partisan watchdog organization, Public Citizen, released a report detailing Trump's ongoing business dealings and related ethics concerns as found in public financial disclosures. At the same time evidence started to emerge that Trump properties were seeing an increase in patronage by political organizations, some of which directly benefited from subsequent Federal policy changes.
Also in February, after initial jabs sent to China over the South China Sea and trade, Trump changed course and endorsed the "one China" policy, a unification theme maintained by mainland China with reference to Taiwan. Curiously, several days later China approved a 10-year trademark for construction services in China under Trump's name - one of dozens of such trademarks approved by China in an uncharacteristically swift manner. Regardless of whether the two events were directly correlated, this incident highlights the ethical conflicts of Trump maintaining direct ties to his businesses while in public office.
The conflicts of interest don't stop with Trump himself. In November 2016, Ivanka Trump, who has no official standing in Trump's government but who does have personal business deals pending in Japan, participated in a meeting with Japan’s Prime Minister Shinzo Abe. This wasn't the first meeting in which Trump brought along family for meetings with foreign dignitaries and it sets a precedent for poor ethical conduct. Controversy over Ivanka Trump's business erupted in February 2017 when press secretary Sean Spicer, counselor Kellyanne Conway, and Trump himself made public pronouncements while acting in an official capacity promoting or otherwise defending Ivanka Trump's retail clothing line. And, like Trump himself, Ivanka Trump's business interests received trademark approvals from China, shortly after her having met with the Chinese president in April 2017.
In January 2017, Trump named his son-in-law, Jared Kushner, to be the senior White House adviser working on trade and the Middle East. His appointment raises questions about federal anti-nepotism laws that were enacted in response to John F. Kennedy appointing his brother as Attorney General. Additionally, Kushner is known to have solicited investments from EB-5 visa holders for Trump-branded properties and in May 2017 allegedly made promises for such visas to Chinese investors in exchange for investment in a planned Kushner property.
Trump's fourth bill signed into law in February 2017 was a measure to strip language from the Dodd-Frank financial reforms that required the energy extraction industry to disclose payments made to foreign governments. Removal of this rule effectively turns a blind eye to bribery committed by oil companies which is made all the more complicated by the composition of Trump's cabinet, many of whom have direct ties to the oil industry. Coming on the heels of confirmation of Exxon executive Rex Tillerson as Secretary of State and continuing exposure of ties between Trump's cabinet and Russia, passage of this law is troubling from an ethics standpoint.
Obstruction of Justice
In March, 2017, the Trump administration abruptly fired 46, independent district attorneys in the employ of the Justice Department including one, Preet Bharara, who was known to be an aggressive and successful prosecutor working in the New York City area. The dismissal of these attorneys without naming their successors effectively interrupted multiple open investigations and degraded the ability of the Justice Department to address cases. In particular, Bharara in the past has gone aggressively after Wall Street and other New York area politicians, raising suspicions that his his dismissal could be related to cases including one against Fox News and possibly another against Trump or his administration including HHS Secretary Tom Price.
In May 2017, Trump abruptly fired FBI director James Comey, giving a number of conflicting justifications. The firing triggered a backlash over the appearance of obstructing ongoing FBI investigations into election tampering and collusion between the Trump campaign and Russia. Significantly, the move came after Comey requested more resources for the Russia investigations and on the heels of Grand Jury subpoenas in the Michael Flynn case.
In late November 2016, General Michael Flynn - Trump's pick for National Security Adviser - was revealed as having mismanaged classified information and circumvented other security policies while at the Defense Intelligence Agency. In February and March 2017, it was discovered that both Mike Pence and EPA director Scott Pruitt used personal emails to conduct official business while representing their respective state governments. By September 2017 it was revealed that at least five Trump administration aides were using personal email addresses for official business. Trump hounded Hillary Clinton for similar practices during his campaign and made them a key issue that likely affected the election outcome to a significant degree.
In April 2017, the Trump administration discontinued the open.gov portal that contained such information as White House visitor logs and salary information for Executive branch employees. Trump himself has used this information to criticize the Obama administration but now cites "security" concerns in removing the information. The move was widely seen as a move towards a less transparent government.
Finally, in December 2016, Trump minimized his use of the phrase "drain the swamp," with former House speaker Newt Gingrich confiding that Trump no longer wants to use the phrase. (Trump disputed this and Gingrich soon after recanted)
A recap of Trump's first 100 days shows a pattern of behest to corporate interests, pay-for-play governance, and disdain for the public sector.